There are few things as scary as flames and smoke inside a home. In particular, when the building contains one’s beloved family. Fires take place in the least predictable situations. And affect everyone alike, no matter how unlikely it seems. Luckily, there are some things a person can do to try and prevent tragedy from striking one’s home. Those interested should keep on reading this fire safety guide to finding out more about how to keep their home away from the risk of flames.
Table of Contents
- How to Prevent Home Fires
- Appliances & How to Protect the House From Them
- Don’t Forget About Checking the Detector
- Basic Fire Safety Tips for Kids and Families
- Frequently Asked Questions
- Better Safe Than Sorry
Prevent Danger and Fire in Your House With These Tips
Flames can destroy property in just minutes. So, it’s crucial to think about how to prevent them. One of the best ways is by installing smoke alarms at home. These are usually quite cheap. And easy to use, so people will be able to use them even if they don’t have any special tools.
There Are Some Steps to Take Before Setting Them up and Some Fire Safety Tips:
- Install at least one alarm in each room of the house. In particular, in the kitchen, where most flames start. This is crucial for a good fire safety guide.
- Have a good plan to ensure the family escapes to safety.
- Decide on a place where the people can meet in case of tragedy. It could be a park nearby. Or a neighbor’s house. This way, parents will know their children are safe even if they don’t have a mobile phone or another way to communicate
- Keep the alarm clean and visible. Do not pain them, as this can alter the way the device works. It’s also useful to remove dirt and dust at least once a week.
- Decide on what to do in case the clothes catch flames. There is a roll on the floor strategy that works well for prevention
- Keep flammable devices away from stoves, kitchens, or ovens for more protection.
- Memorize important national numbers. Maybe there is a fire, and the person does not remember what’s the number of the department. That should never happen, not even to kids to avoid risks.
Appliances and How to Protect the House From Them
One of the main causes of fire is appliances. Microwaves, washing machines, and kitchens can become really dangerous. There are some things people can take into account to make this danger less visible. For example, to hire a specialist to manage all the electrical items at the house. Also, the cords should be checked at least once a year for fire safety. To make sure they are not going to enter into conflict with each other.
Another thing to consider is that plugs cannot take more appliances than they are supposed to. Plus, light bulbs usually have a sticker that shows their voltage. So, they should not be placed on plugs they do not belong to. If not, they can end up causing an accident.
- Be careful when cooking with one’s body and with the rest of the items in the kitchen.
- In case of using oil, very hot ingredients, or boiling water, stay near the pan. Don’t leave.
- Using a timer can help to always remember there is something inside the oven. This way, it avoids accidents.
- The heater should never be near flammable materials. Some examples are rugs, paper, bedding, and so on.
- The best floors to place the heater are ceramic, never a rug because they are flammable.
- The heater should have a security feature for prevention. This will help it to turn off before falling to the ground.
- There should be a non-smoking policy inside. The ashes are very bad for one’s health.
- They are also very dangerous. In particular, for those who smoke without considering that the cigarette should be completely turned off.
Electrical and Appliance Safety
- Always watch out for the cords. They should not be broken or with the wires at sight.
- Beware on where to plug them. If there are too many things on the same plug, it might explode.
- Keep children away from devices they should not manage.
- Be careful with the microwave and aluminum covers or metal bowls.
Portable Space Heaters
- These ones are particularly dangerous. People tend to place them anywhere, and this should not happen.
- Keep them away from the bed or curtains.
- Never use them when sleeping. They can malfunction and end up in tragedy.
- Put them away in a place without dust or dirt.
Fireplaces and Woodstoves
- Don’t leave the room if the woodstove still has flames. Or if it still shows heat.
- The wood should be appropriate. If not, there would be a lot of smoke. And it would be dangerous for the house.
Don’t Forget About Checking the Detector
Smoking alarms are automatic, yes. But a human being should be on the alert and check they are working well. This is good for fire safety preparation. Don’t worry: this is very easy to use. The devices are prepared to make it a simple process. So, the person in charge only has to press one button called “test”. If the batteries are charged, then they will realize if the device is working or not.
After pressing the button, there are some signals to consider. A chirp means that the owner has to replace the battery. At once, or the item will stop working. Don’t let that happen because of a dead one. Three out of 5 tragedies in national territory occur because the alarm was not working well. Or it was not there at all, so it’s crucial to revise them.
Different Types of Extinguishers
Not all people know that there is not just one type of extinguishers. In fact, there are 5 of them. And though they are quite similar, they have different functions according to the national scale. Let’s examine all of them..
- Type A works on softer materials like paper, cloth, or wood
- Type B, instead, are for more dangerous things. They are used to extinguish the ashes from oil, gasoline, grease, and other flammable liquids.
- Type C should be used within the home. It can be put on TVs, laptops, and other appliances.
- Type D only works on metals.
- Type K is just for cooking oils, so it’s useful to keep them in the kitchen.
Most people have multiple extinguishers in just one so as not to spend so much money.
Where to Place the Detector?
It’s only natural to place the detector in places where there’s always heat. Like the kitchen. Or the living room if there is a stove. But it’s also crucial to protect other areas of the house. If there are two floors, there might be at least one per floor. And don’t ignore the basement.
Place the detector high on the wall but not stuck to the ceiling. But also be careful with false alarms. At times, when a person is cooking, there is smoke. And this might look like an emergency when it’s not. So, the owner needs to set it up with care.
How to Use an Extinguisher
Now, any person should learn how to use these products. It could save their own lives, their families’ or their coworkers’. There are many organizations that offer courses, resources, and training on these matters. Even the news broadcast some materials to help with national health policy. Follow the instructions below to use one with success.
- There is a pin in the upper part of the device. Pull it to unlock the nozzle. Always point it to the thing that’s burning, never to a person.
- It’s crucial to point at the base of the fire and not the upper section.
- The lever should be squeezed with care and slowly.
- When the fire is put out, move the nozzle from side to side to remove residue.
Create an Escape Plan With Your Family
Fire safety does not only entail using detectors. And if this happens, then every second count. There is no time to decide what to do and do it right. So, the best option is to think about it beforehand.
- Where are all the windows and doors to escape? It might be a nice idea to draw up a map or resources with this information.
- Every member of the family needs to know the emergency number. And teach small children to dial it. But there are also some other things to think about.
- Decide what will be done with the things inside the house in case the alarms go off. For example, it can be a good idea to have a bag with crucial items to quickly take and run away.
- Agree on a meeting spot outside the home. Don’t let kids run away anywhere, or they might be lost. And this can be a desperate situation.
Now Practice Your Home Fire Escape Plan
Practice makes perfect. And this is true, even in this type of context. It might not be pleasant, but it is necessary and useful. In particular, when families have small children. They might not know what to do if such a confusing event takes place. So, to keep them as safe as possible, let’s take a look at these fire safety tips. And use them in rehearsal. It’s proven that most people have a plan. But less than half of them ever practice. Which is the essential part of having a scheme, right? Now, how would it be like to get out of one’s home with the eyes closed?
- Practice the safety plan with the eyes shut for more protection. That’s what will happen in case this type of accident takes place.
- The mouth should also be covered to be protected from fire fumes, smoke, and other issues.
- Memorize the furniture and the doors. Knowing where the entries are is crucial to be able to escape in the dark.
- Teach children and practice to feel the doorknob before actually opening it to avoid the risk of getting burned.
- Don’t forget about the rolling strategy in case the clothes catch fire.
- Always respond to the alarm as fast as possible.
During a Fire
Now, this might be the hardest part. During such an event, it’s not easy to remain calm. And to try and save oneself, the family, and the loved items inside the home. So, taking these fire safety tips into account can help in this crucial moment.
- Go below the smoke and try to go out of the room or house. This gas floats towards the roof. This way, people can avoid it a bit.
- It’s crucial to try how hot handles are before touching them in full. Give them this information. If not, they can lead to severe burns and other consequences.
- If someone is trapped, call 911. It might be dangerous to try and rescue them. The same applies to pets.
- If any person gets inside a room, make sure not to let the smoke get in. It’s not great for health issues. A good strategy is to cover vents and the space below doors. This way, people will be able to breathe and will not suffocate.
- Try to learn about the location of victims by screaming or using a flashlight.
- Rolling can be the best way to act in case the clothing catches fire. Looking for water is time-consuming. And, all the while, the skin and body will be burning. Just drop to the floor and start rolling until it stops.
Basic Fire Safety Tips for Kids and Families
Now, after all those steps and guides, there are some other basic tips to share. Some of them are obvious. For example, kids should never be allowed to play with lighters or candles. They are harmful to them and for the home, too. Now, if the fire has arrived, then this information can be helpful.
- The same rule for adults applies to children. They should have information on how to touch handles to make sure if they are hot or cold.
- Let them know how to take the fire off their clothes in case of need.
- Kids need to understand the danger of smoke. If they breathe, it can suffocate them. So, they can learn how to crawl below it.
- Do not let them get locked inside closets. Or to hide under the bed, because then nobody would be able to help them to safety.
- Watch videos, the news, and resources or take them to see how fighters work with fire safety equipment.
Frequently Asked Questions
What Does Fire Stand for in Fire Safety?
It stands for the production of flames in any chance of life. And fire safety refers to avoiding the destruction of things by fire. For that to happen, it takes certain measures to limit the disaster. For example, it tries to look for what they call hazards. These are dangerous situations where flames can occur. Most of these measures are related to buildings. And describes the protection of places with a lot of people, such as offices or schools.
Why Is Fire Safety Important?
Because it will keep it from destroying one’s property. And it will save the lives of those who live in the house. Once it started, it can be hard to make this accident stop. So, the best way is to try to prevent it. And to have a backup plan in case the rest fails. Finally, don’t forget to put all the steps into practice.
What Are the Three Elements of Fire?
Three things have to be together for a fire to exist.
- The first one is oxygen. The flame will feed on this gas to keep on burning.
- The other one is a flammable object. Without wood, oil, gas, or other materials, the flames cannot exist.
- The last item is, of course, heat. This will not happen in case it’s very cold. Or in snow or rain. Heat can be natural or human-created. Without one of these elements, the combustion will not take place.
What Are the 4 Stages of Fire?
At times, the fire seems to grow out of anywhere. And it has terrible results. But this has 4 stages named:
- Incipient (that is when it just starts and begins to spread). This is the best time to go away. Or, better still, put it down but only if the person has tools to help him or her.
- The second stage is called growth. It begins to take more oxygen, and it expands quickly.
- The third stage is fully developed, it becomes very dangerous, and it’s hard to escape or make it go away.
- Last but not least, the fire will start to decay. And this is when it’s safer to approach.
Better Safe Than Sorry
So, there is no way of knowing if such a thing will ever happen in people’s homes. One can only hope. But if that is not the case, there are many ways to stay safe. Buying smoke detectors is the first step. Then, plan, practice, and success will come to the house and to the family.